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k'iche'

Last updated 2018-11-25 11:26:59

Prefixes

aj
the "profession marker". All professions have this prefix: ajtijonel:teacher, ajtijoxel:pupil.

Names

Names are preceded by an additional word, based on the respect and the gender of the person attached to the name.

  m. f.
inf. a al
pol. tat nan
  1. Nub'i a Jaime.
    My name is Jaime.

Posession

  followed by C followed by V
1sg nu- w-
2sg a- aw-
3sg u- r-
1pl qa- q-
2pl i- iw-
3pl ki- k-

In formal speech, the 2sg and 2pl lose the prefix and instead are followed by the politeness markers la and alaq. For example, achi'l la:your (sg, pol) friend.

Articles

There is only a definitive article ("the") in K'iche', which does not change for pluarlity or gender. It is le, le ikan:the uncle. If one must explicate that it is more than one of the object, then the word taq is used: le taq ikan:the uncles.

Numbers

K'iche' is a vigesimal (base 20) language.

  1. jun
  2. keb'
  3. oxib'
  4. kajib'
  5. job'
  6. waqib'
  7. wuqub'
  8. wajxaqib'
  9. b'elejeb'
  10. lajuj
  11. julajuj
  12. kalajuj
  13. oxlajuj
  14. kajlajuj
  15. (j)olajuj
  16. waqlajuj
  17. wuqlajuj
  18. wajxalajuj
  19. b'elejlajuj
  20. ju(n)winaq

Miscellaneous

Negation

Negation occurs by surrounding the word to be negated with man...taj. Mondlach, gives an alternative for of na...ta(j), where taj is only used if it is sentence final.Mondlach, 53 This is also reflected in CLQK, indicating that the na...ta(j) form may be emblematic of the Nahualá dialect.

  1. Man k'o taj tew.
    I am not cold.
    lit. There is no cold.
  2. Man utz taj nuwach.
    I am not well.

Bibliography