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noongar

Last updated 2018-11-25 11:26:59

Nouns

Pronouns

  sg pl
1 ngany ngalak/ngala
2 noonook noonook-adiny
3 baal balap

Possessive pronouns are indicated with the suffix -an. The first person plural is an exception, either ngalan/ngalang.

Sentence Structure

Noongar sentences are SOV.

--EX--|1
Maaman yongka ngardanginy
Men are hunting kangaroo // yongka:kangaroo
--ENDX--

Negation

Add menditj after the verb, ex. Ngany menditj:I am not good.

Suffixes

ak
on; in
iny
present progressive
  1. Koolbardi boornak nyininy
    The magpie is sitting in the tree
    nyin:sit

Question Words

naatj
what
windja/windj
where

Numbers

Because traditional Noongar society was a non-monetary system, waangkaniny did not count beyond three. You will notice in the table below that after dambart (three) is the word boola (many). People would generally refer to amounts after three as 'boola boola' – adding on more of the word 'boola' to indicate many many!
The revival of the Noongar waangankiny now incorporates the counting of more numbers. This is based on the numbers 1-3, and then adding the word maar which means 'hand' or in the counting context, 5 as in 5 fingers.

CurtinX CAS1x: Noongar Language and Culture, Module 1

  1. Keyen
  2. Koodjal
  3. Dambart
  4. Koodjal koodjal
  5. Maar (hand)
  6. Maar-keyen
  7. Maar-koodjal
  8. Maar-dambart
  9. Maar koodjal koodjal
  10. Maar maar

Dictionary

le flaneur's noongar dictionary

Bibliograpy