le_flaneurrecentlearnsreads

russian

Nouns

Pronouns

Nominative

sg. pl.
Я Мы
Ты Вы
Он, она, оно Они

Accusative

sg. pl.
Меня Нас
Тебя Вас
Его, Её Их

Possessive

sg. pl.
Мой, моя, моё Наш, наша, наше
Твой, твоя, твоё Ваш, ваша, ваше
Его, её Их

Cases

Accusative

Non-animate, masculine nouns do not normally change in the accusative. Feminine nouns ending in -а change to -у.

Prepositional

-е, usually following prepositions в and на.
Vowel is dropped before adding the е.
Words ending in -ия/ие become -ии.

Его is pronounced like Ево.

Plural

The plural form of masculine nouns

"In the nominative case, most masculine nouns take the ending -ы in the plural form. If a masculine noun ends in -ец the vowel e is dropped before the plural ending is added." Babbel

Adjectives

"Adjective endings in Russian vary according to gender and case of the noun that follows. Masculine adjectives have three endings in the nominative case: -ый , -ий and -ой. Feminine adjective have two endings in the nominative case: -ая and -яя. Neuter adjectives in the nominative, like feminine adjectives, also have two endings: -ое and -ее." Babbel

Masculine: end in й
Feminine: end in я
Neuter: end in е

Verbs

Present Tense

Class 1 (-ть)

sg. pl.
работаю работаем
работаешь работаете
работает работают

Class 2 (-ить, -еть)

sg. pl.
говорю говорим
говоришь говорите
говорит говорят

Irregular

быть (to be)

PRT
sg. pl.
есмь есмы
еси есте
есть суть
PST
sg. pl.
был были
была были
было были

жить (to live)

PRT
sg. pl.
живу живём
живёшь живёте
живут живут

Infinitive

Two main types of verbs, those that end in -ть and those which end in -а/ять.

Reflexives

Ends in -ся ("a contraction of себя"Higgenbottam, pg. 22). To conjugate a reflexive verb, conjugate normally and add ся or сь (if last letter is a vowel).

Ex. я остановлю (I stopped) > я остановлюсь (I stopped myself).

Prepositions

PREP + 3rd person => +н, ex. у + её = у неё.

в becomes во when followed by a work that begins with в or ф and has multiple initial consonants, ex. во вторник (on Tuesdays).

Possession

У GEN есть NOM

Errata

Stress

It is all random.

о is pronounced о in stressed syllables, pronounced as а in unstressed.

ё is always stressed.

Days of the Week

On {day of the week}
:Proceeded by в

Bibliography